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Policy Papers

1."Count the Code: Quantifying Federalization of Criminal Statutes," Heritage Foundation, January 2022. (with G. Canaparo, J. Nelson, and P. McLaughlin)

2. "Economic Freedom in the Period of Invisible Punishment: Occupational and Business Licensing Barriers That Restrict Access to Work for Those with Criminal Records", Mercatus Center, January 2022 (with M. Mitchell)

3. "How To Help Improve Understanding of Alternative Work Arrangements and the Gig Economy," Mercatus Center, August 2021

  • Submitted as a Public Comment on August 6, 2021 for the Department of Labor on its FY 2022–2026 Strategic Plan and Evidence-Building Plan

4. "How Regulations Shape Technology Startups," Mercatus Center, June 1, 2021.

5. "Consequences of Restricting Independent Work," Mercatus Center Policy Brief, April 19, 2021

6. "Employee vs. Independent Worker: A Framework for Understanding Work Differences", Mercatus Center, March 2021 (with P. Suarez)

7. "Women as Independent Workers in the Gig Economy", Mercatus Center, March 2021 (with P. Suarez)

8. "Unintended Consequences of Restrictions on H1B Visas", Mercatus Center Policy Brief, January 2021 (with MA student Patrick O'Conner)

9. "Four Recommendations for Analyzing the Department of Labor’s Proposed Rule on Employees vs. Independent Contractors", Mercatus Center, October 2020

  • Submitted as a Public Comment on October 26, 2020 for the Department of Labor Proposed Rule Change, "Independent Contractor Status Under the Fair Labor Standards Act"

  • Cited in the Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 4 / Thursday, January 7, 2021


10. "Barriers to Portable Benefits Solutions for Gig Economy Workers", The Center for Growth and Opportunity, September 2020

11. “Technology Startups and Industry Specific Regulations", Fraser Institute, June 2020 (with P. Suarez)


12. “An Economic Analysis of Overtime Pay Regulations,” Mercatus Working Papers, April 2016 (with D. Boudreaux)

  • Submitted to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs (OIRA), April 2016

  • Invited (and accepted) to testify with OIRA, Washington D.C., May 4, 2016

  • Featured & interviewed for the Society for Human Resource Management, May 2016

  • Submitted to Department of Labor for a “Request for Information,” September 2017


13. “Does the DOL’s Overtime Regulation Make Sense in an Information Economy?” May 2016. Mercatus Center Policy Brief

  • Briefed congressional staff at “Regulation University” event, Washington D.C. May 4, 2016

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